MAFBO project’s member Antonio Guerreiro has recently published a new paper on the Lebbo’ group. This dayak group settle the area where we conduct our archaeological investigations. The paper is entitled “The Lebbo’ language and culture: A window on Borneo’s ancient past” and is a chapter of the Language documentation and cultural practices in the Austronesian world: papers from 12-ICAL book. The full book is freely accessible here: https://digitalcollections.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/13514.
Antonio Guerreiro, membre du projet Mafbo, a récemment publié un article à propos du groupe Lebbo’. Ce groupe dayak occupe une partie du territoire dans lequel se déroulent les recherches archéologiques de la MAFBO. L’article s’intitule « The Lebbo’ language and culture: A window on Borneo’s ancient past » est constitue un chapitre du livre Language documentation and cultural practices in the Austronesian world: papers from 12-ICAL. L’ensemble peut être librement téléchargé ici : https://digitalcollections.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/13514.
Résumé / abstract
The Lebbo’ are former hunter-gatherers/horticulturists ; they are localized in remote places in Eastern Borneo, in the regencies of East Kutai and Berau (Province of East Kalimantan). Linguistically, they are distinct from the neighbouring Dayak, and Punan (Pnaan) belonging to various branches of the Kayanic and Kenyahic linguistic groups. While the other languages spoken in the region are the Kutai and Berau Malay dialects, besides Bajau and Bugis (on the coastal areas). The paper considers the main features and the lexical/phonological aspects of the two Lebbo’ isolects, Lebbo’ Aso’ and Lebbo’ Isi, which amount to less than 1,000 speakers. Both isolects have evolved from the so-called “Basap” language (known also as “Bahasa Sanimban” in Dutch sources). I will relate the Lebbo’ to the other components of this scattered linguistic and cultural group, such as the Ulun Darat (Basap Selatan) in Mangkalihat, the Ulun Latti in Northern Berau and related Basap in Talisayan. Until now the Lebbo’ language has not been recorded and described systematically. In central Borneo, the ancient links of the Lebbo’ are to be found with the proposed Rejang-Sajau linguistic group (Hudson 1978). These links, spread across the Island, point to other languages from East to Western Borneo. The field research was carried from 2009 to 2011 in the frame of the French-Indonesian pluridisciplinary programme, and supplemented by the study of archival materials.